At Zenergy we want to make a contribution to new ways of being conscious humans and through developing theoretical and practical frameworks, methods, processes and techniques which can be a resource for others exploring the possibilities of a whole-person, co-operative, peer partnership-approach to living and working. We call this “co-operacy”. Our intention is to discover, live and share our Zenergy vision of “Whole people co-operating in a sustainable world”.


Hunter, D., & Thorpe, S. J. (2020). The gift of presence in groups: An unfolding story of transformative learning. In Social Ecology and Education (pp. 89-100). Routledge.

Sustainable co-operative processes

Dale Hunter has completed a Doctor of Philosophy degree within the Social Ecology Research Group, at UWS Hawkesbury Australia. Dale’s research is about the interface between cooperative group processes and the host organisation and the barriers and keys to successful cooperative work. As part of her research she undertook a survey at the International Facilitators Conference in Toronto last year. She has also participated in and monitored an Internet dialogue on facilitator values and ethics and held a cooperative inquiry among a group of New Zealand facilitators. Click here to download Dr Dale Hunter’s thesis: Facilitation of Sustainable Co-operative Processes.

FACTS meta-model for sustainable co-operative processes
Dale Hunter
The meta-model described in this paper was part of a doctoral research project which explored sustainable facilitated co-operative processes within organisations. The evaluative model may be used to monitor the sustainability of any co-operative processes involving people and in conjunction with any group development model. Click here to download in PDF format (132 KB).

The Facilitation of Online Groups

Thomas, G. & Thorpe, S. J.(2019). Enhancing the facilitation of online groups in higher education: a review of the literature on face-to-face and online group-facilitation, Interactive Learning Environments, 27(1), 62-71.10.1080/10494820.2018.1451897.

Thorpe, S. J. (2016). Online facilitator competencies for group facilitators. Group Facilitation: A Research and Applications Journal, (13), 79-90.

Thorpe, S. (2013). Towards Online Facilitator Competencies in Collaborative Higher Learning Programmes.  In J. Hitchcock (Ed.). Proceedings of the First International Forum on International Academic Programmes, 2012. Boca Raton, FL: Brown Walker Press.

Thorpe, S. J. (2011). Using storytelling in the facilitation of online groups. Group Facilitation: A Research and Applications Journal, (11), 24-39.

Thorpe, S. J. (2011). Sense of place and emotional connections using collaborative storytelling in Second Life. International Journal of Information and Education Technology, 1(4), 292-297.

Thorpe, S. J. (2009, December 10). Enhancing the effectiveness of online groups: an investigation of storytelling in the facilitation of online groups. (Doctoral Thesis, Auckland University of Technology, Auckland, New Zealand).

Thorpe, S. J. (2008). The use of storytelling in building online group relationships. In S. Kelsey, & K. S. Amant (Eds.), Handbook of research on computer mediated communication (pp. 551-569). Hershey PA: Information Science Publishing. Doi: 10.4018/978-1-59904-863-5

Thorpe, S. (2004). Online Facilitation. Paper presented at Heart Politics. January 7-11, Taupo.

Facilitator Education
Dr. Glyn Thomas’s groundbreaking research on facilitator education involved Zenergy’s facilitator training programmes in the data-collection phase of Gwyn’s doctoral study. Glyn’s Dimensions of Facilitator Education appeared in the IAF Handbook of Group Facilitation (2005) edited by Sandor P. Schuman.

Thomas, Glyn. (2018). Learning to be a group facilitator in outdoor education: using self-awareness to overcome fears and be fully present. Journal of Adventure Education and Outdoor Learning. 19. 1-14. 10.1080/14729679.2018.1509720.

Thomas, Glyn. (2008). Preparing facilitators for experiential education: the role of intentionality and intuition. Journal of Adventure Education & Outdoor Learning. 8. 3-20. 10.1080/14729670701573835.

Thomas, Glyn. (2008). Facilitate first thyself: The person-centered dimension of facilitator education. Journal of Experiential Education. 31. 168-188. 10.5193/JEE.31.2.168.

Thomas, Glyn. (2005). Facilitation in education for the environment. Australian Journal of Environmental Education. 21. 10.1017/S0814062600000999.

Thomas, Glyn. (2004). A typology of approaches to facilitator education. Journal of Experiential Education. 27. 10.1177/105382590402700202.

Group Facilitation

Thorpe, S. & Hunter, D. (2006, August). Mapping the field of facilitation. Paper presented at the 9th Annual International Association of Facilitators Asia Facilitators Conference. Singapore.

Hunter, D. & Thorpe, S. (2005). Facilitator values and ethics. In S. Schuman (Ed.), The IAF handbook of group facilitation: Best practices from the leading organization in facilitation (pp. 545-558). San Francisco: Jossey-Bass.